Conference Background and Mission

The Pac 12 Student-Athlete Health Conference (SAHC) is a comprehensive educational and business meeting aimed at collaboration amongst the sports medicine teams and growth within the Pac 12 conference. The meeting functions to provide the Pac 12 Conference with expert opinion and advice on all issues related to the health and safety of its student‐athletes, and to provide a forum for education, research and cooperation for its sports medicine members.

The meeting has expanded to approximately 150 attendees from around the conference. These include Team Physicians for Orthopedics and Primary Care, Athletic Trainers, Dietitians, Mental Health Professionals, Athletic Directors, and Faculty Athletic Representatives. In addition, there will be research teams presenting projects from across the Pac-12 and administrators from the Pac-12 office.

For more information on the Pac 12 Health and Well Being Initiative, click here

Grant Awarded Research Projects

PI: Dr. Theresa Hernandez
Co-PI: Dr. Adam Bohr
University of Colorado, Boulder
PI: Dr. Christopher Yakacki
Co-PIs: Dr. Peter Jenkins, Dr. R. Dana Carpenter, Dr. Kai Yu, Dr. Sourav Poddar
University of Colorado, Boulder & Denver
PIs: Dr. Angela Lumba-Brown
Co-PIs: Dr. Jamshid Ghajar (Stanford), Dr. Masa Teramoto (Utah), Dr. Matthew McQueen (Colorado), Dr. Douglas Aukerman (OSU), Dr. Kimberly Harmon (UW), Dr. David Petron (Utah), Dr. Sourav Poddar (Colorado) and Russ Romano (USC)
Stanford University collaborating with the University of Colorado, Oregon State University, University of Southern California, University of Utah and University of Washington
PI: Dr. Lori Michener
Co-PIs: Dr. Andrew Karduna (UO) and Dr. Roksana Karim (USC)
University of Southern California collaborating with the University of Oregon and University of California, Los Angeles
PI: Dr. Peter Fino and Dr. Lee Dibble
Co-PIs: Dr. Daniel Cushman, Dr. Nicholas Monson, Dr. Angela Presson
University of Utah
PIs: Dr. James Martin
University of Utah
PIs: Dr. Christopher Barry
Co-PIs: Dr. Kelli Moran-Miller (Stanford)
Washington State University collaborating with Arizona State University, University of California, Berkeley, Oregon State University, Stanford University, University of California, Los Angeles, University of Southern California, University of Utah, University of Washington
PI: Dr. Kenneth Hunt
University of Colorado, Boulder
PI: Dr. David Camarillo
Co-PIs: Dr. Gerald Grant (Stanford), Dr. Michael Zeineh (Stanford), Dr. Charles Liu (USC)
Stanford University collaborating with University of Southern California
PIs: Dr. Kim Harmon, Dr. Emily Kroshus and Dr. Sara Chrisman
Co-PI: Dr. Ann Glang (UO)
University of Washington collaborating with Seattle Children’s Research Institute, University of Oregon and University of Colorado, Boulder
PI: Dr. Marc Norcross
Co-PIs: Dr. Samuel Johnson (OSU) and Dr. Christopher Scaffidi (OSU)
Oregon State University collaborating with Stanford University, University of California, Los Angeles and University of Washington
PI: Dr. Andrew Anderson
Co-PIs: Dr. Ken “Bo” Foreman, Dr. Stepehen Aoki and Dr. Travis Maak
University of Utah
PIs: Taylor Ricci and Nathan Braaten
Oregon State University
PI: Dr. George Brooks
Co-PI: Dr. Daniela Kaufer
University of California, Berkeley
PI: Dr. Michael Hahn
Co-PIs: Dr. Scott Delp, Dr. Rodger Kram, Dr. Alena Grabowski, Dr. Jill McNitt-Gray, Dr. Lorraine Turcotte, Dr. Brent Liu, Dr. Kormelia Kulig
University of Oregon collaborating with University of Colorado, University of Southern California & Stanford University
PI: Dr. Christopher Kweon
Co-PIs: Dr. Albert Gee & Dr. Scott Telfer
University of Washington
PI: Dr. Doug Aukerman and the Pac-12 Brain Trauma Task Force
The Pac-12 Concussion Coordinating Unit – Project Director: Dr. Matthew McQueen, Co-PI: Dr. Theresa Hernandez & Dr. Adam Bohr
PI: Dr. William Byrnes
Co-PIs: Dr. Theresa Hernandez & Dr. Ken Wright
University of Colorado
PIs: Dr. Kim Harmon & Dr. Emily Kroshus
Co-PIs: Dr. Sara Chrisman (UW) & Dr. Ann Glang (UO)
University of Washington collaborating with University of Oregon
PI: Dr. Michael Fredericson
Co-PI: Dr. Aurelia Nattiv (UCLA)
Stanford University collaborating with University of California, Los Angeles
PI: Dr. Kim Harmon
Co-PIs: Dr. Jonathan Drezner, Dr. David Owens & Dr. Jordan Prutkin
University of Washington collaborating with all Pac-12 schools
PI: Dr. Craig Heller
Co-PI: Dr. Dennis Grahn
Stanford University
PI: Dr. Deborah Yurgelun-Tood
Co-PIs: Dr. Charlie Hicks-Little, Dr. Perry Renshaw, Dr. Erin McGlade & Dr. Andrew Prescot
University of Utah
PI: Dr. Marc Norcross
Co-PIs: Dr. Samuel Johnson & Dr. Viktor Bovbjerg
Oregon State University

SPEAKERS

DAYS

MEMBER SCHOOLS

GRANT AWARD DOLLARS

Invited Speakers for 2021

(Click on Speaker Name to View the Complete Bio)

Cody Criss

Doctoral Student, Ohio University

Cody Criss is a medical-doctoral student at Ohio University in Athens, Ohio. He is currently doing his doctoral work at the O

    Hugh Gelabert, MD

    Director, Santa Monica/UCLA Cardiovascular Services

    Dr. Hugh A. Gelabert is a vascular surgeon in Los Angeles, California and is affiliated with multiple hospitals in the area,

      Cathy Goldstein, MD, MS

      Associate Professor of Neurology, University of Michigan Sleep Disorders Center

      Dr. Goldstein is faculty in the Sleep Disorders Center where she evaluates and treats patients with various conditions such a

        Michael Grandner, PhD

        Director of the Sleep and Health Research Program; University of Arizona

        Dr. Grandner is the Director of the Sleep and Health Research Program at the University of Arizona, Director of the Behaviora

          Kristen Gravani, RD

          Director of Sports Nutrition, Stanford Athletics

          Kristen Gravani joined Stanford University as the Director of Sports Nutrition in 2015. She oversees performance nutrition

            Debbie Iwasaki, MSPT, SCS, ATC, CSCS

            Physical Therapist, Stanford University

            Debbie joined the Stanford Sports Medicine department as a staff physical therapist in January 2014. She has a strong backgro

              Kristofer Jones, MD

              Team Physician, UCLA Athletics; Assistant Professor, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery/Sports Medicine

              Kristofer J. Jones, MD, is both board-certified and fellowship-trained in sports medicine. Dr. Jones received his bachelor

                Shanyn Lancaster, MD

                Head Team Physician & Chief of Sports Medicine, Arizona State University

                Board certified in family medicine and sports medicine, Shanyn C. Lancaster, MD, provides comprehensive care to patients of a

                  Beth Miller, RD

                  Director of Sports Nutrition, Duke University

                  Beth Miller joined the Duke Athletics staff in May, 2017 and serves as the Director of Sports Nutrition. In this role, she i

                    John Parsons, PhD, ATC

                    Managing Director, NCAA Sport Science Institute

                    John Parsons, a nationally certified and state licensed athletic trainer, is the Managing Director of the NCAA Sport Science

                      Mark Paterno, PT, PhD, MBA, SCS, ATC

                      Professor & Physical Therapist, Cincinnatti Children's Hospital Medicine Center

                      Mark V. Paterno PT, PhD, MBA, SCS, is a physical therapist and a Professor at Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center i

                        Frank Petrigliano, MD

                        Associate Professor of Clinical Orthopaedic Surgery & Chief of the Epstein Family Center for Sports Medicine, USC Keck Medicine

                        Dr. Petrigliano is an Associate Professor of Clinical Orthopaedic Surgery and Chief of the Epstein Family Center for Sports M

                          Allen Sills, MD

                          Chief Medical Officer, National Football League

                          NFL Commissioner Roger Goodell named Dr. Allen Sills as the NFL's Chief Medical Officer (CMO), in March of 2017. Dr. Sills

                            Susan Sigward, PT, ATC, PhD

                            Associate Professor Division of Biokinesiology & Physical Therapy University of Southern California

                            Susan Sigward, PT, ATC, PhD is an Associate Professor Division of Biokinesiology & Physical Therapy University of Southern Ca

                              Alexander Weber, MD

                              Assistant Professor of Clinical Orthopaedic Surgery, USC

                              Dr. Alexander Weber is a specialist in the field of orthopaedic surgery and sports medicine at USC. Dr. Weber’s practice ha

                                Michael Dillon MS, ATC

                                Senior Associate Athletic Trainer, University of Washington

                                Michael received his Bachelor of Arts in Athletic Training from University of the Pacific in 1999 and Master of Science in Ki

                                  Woodie Dixon

                                  Pac-12 General Counsel, Senior Vice President of Business Affairs

                                  Woodie H. Dixon, Jr. is the General Counsel and Senior Vice President of Business Affairs for the Pac-12 Conference. He

                                    Dylan Firsick, PhD

                                    Clinical and Sport Psychologist , Counseling & Mental Health, University of Southern California

                                    Dylan Firsick, PhD received his doctorate in Counseling Psychology from the University of Northern Colorado. His professional

                                      Schedule

                                      Our 3-Day Agenda of Conference Events

                                      8:00 AM
                                      Student-Athlete Health and Well Being Board Meeting

                                      Lunch for Board Members Only

                                      Continuation of morning board meeting to complete agenda items.  Max duration – 2hrs

                                      Brain Trauma Task Force
                                      Grant Review Committee
                                      Health Analytics Program Committee
                                      Mental Health Task Force
                                      Athletic Training Considerations Committee

                                      8:00 PM
                                      WELCOME RECEPTION at THE PUB @ Aria
                                      6:45-7:45 AM
                                      BREAKFAST in Sponsor Lounge

                                      7:45am Tandi Hawkey: Welcome Address & Announcements

                                      7:50am Woodie Dixon: Pac 12 State of the Union Address

                                      Tandi Hawkey (UCLA) & Woodie Dixon (Pac 12)

                                      8:00am “Transforming Football to a Culture of Safety” Alan Sills, MD; NFL Chief Medical Officer

                                      8:30am “The Player’s Perspective on the Changing Landscape of Football” Ernie Conwell; Player Director, NFL Player’s Association

                                      Alan Sills, MD & Ernie Conwell
                                      John Parsons, PhD, ATC; Director of NCAA Sport Science Institute

                                      Student-Athlete Health and Well Being Board – Doug Aukerman, MD (OSU)

                                      Brain Trauma Task Force – Sourav Poddar, MD (CU)

                                      Grants Committee – Dan Nordquist (WSU), Lynn Fister MA, CPA (Pac 12)

                                      Mental Health Task Force – Shanyn Lancaster, MD (ASU)

                                      Athletic Training Considerations Committee — Rob Scheidegger, ATC (UW)

                                      9:45am
                                      Title: Mental Health: #DamWorthIt Campaign
                                      PIs: Taylor Ricci and Nathan Braaten
                                      Oregon State University

                                      Project Summary: The #DamWorthIt Campaign, which was launched at Oregon State University in 2018, has a mission statement of utilizing the influential platform of sport to open the conversation around mental health in collegiate athletics, ending the stigma to make every team, every sport, and every student-athlete know that they are #DamWorthIt! The #DamWorthIt Campaign is designed to be a comprehensive program that will work to end the stigma around mental health through three pillars: education, resources and awareness/comfort. The #DamWorthIt Campaign aims to normalize, destigmatize and spread awareness about the epidemic of mental health in collegiate athletics through these three distinct pillars. The focus of this grant project is to expand the #DamWorthIt program throughout Pac-12 Conference Athletic Departments and Student-Athlete Advisory Committees.

                                      10:00am
                                      Title: “The STEALTH Project Pilot Study: Student Athlete Health Assessment Using PROMIS Tools”
                                      PI: Dr. Kenneth Hunt
                                      University of Colorado, Boulder

                                      Project Summary: The study proposes the use of National Institute of Health’s Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) surveys to assess the impact of participation and injuries in Pac-12 sports, inclusive of the physical, mental and social health of student-athletes before, during and after their competition seasons. The results of this pilot study will help identify student-athlete populations that may be at elevated risk, and allow for the identification of best practices that allow coaches, trainers, therapists and other healthcare providers to optimize student-athlete health and well-being as they participate over the course of a season.

                                      Moderator: Lynn Fister (Pac 12)

                                      Title: Student Athlete Health and Well-Being: Looking at the Past to Inform the Future
                                      PI: Dr. Theresa Hernandez
                                      Co-PI: Dr. Adam Bohr
                                      University of Colorado, Boulder
                                      Project Summary: In collecting and utilizing data from former student-athletes to inform current best practices, this study will assess longitudinal patterns of physical and psychological health while paying attention to the presence of chronic conditions (e.g., diabetes, heart disease, obesity, neurodegenerative diseases, etc.) and mental health diagnoses in student-athlete alumni compared to cohort matched student non-athlete alumni. The research will also aim to build upon previous related research by assessing socioeconomic and first-generation status as group profiles, as well as modifying factors of student-athlete health following their collegiate careers. The goal of this research is not only to characterize life-course trajectories, but also to utilize this information to identify best practices, thereby creating opportunities to improve and optimize the overall health and well-being of current and future student-athletes.

                                      Title: Head Trauma: Designing Safer Helmets Using Advanced Materials and Modeling
                                      PI: Dr. Christopher Yakacki
                                      Co-PIs: Dr. Peter Jenkins, Dr. R. Dana Carpenter, Dr. Kai Yu, Dr. Sourav Poddar
                                      University of Colorado, Boulder & Denver
                                      Project Summary: The University of Colorado’s Boulder and Denver campuses have worked together to research football helmet design with a focus on lowering the severity of impacts and reducing the prevalence of concussions in the sport. Recently, the NFL released several computer models of helmets to investigate the influence of helmet materials and designs on head impacts. This study seeks to leverage this state-of-the-art technology and create new models to improve helmet safety using a recently developed high-performance polymer called liquid-crystal elastomers (LCEs). The LCEs will be incorporated in the helmet models and virtually tested to optimize their design. This approach will allow the investigators to rapidly test and evaluate the performance of new materials in helmets, without having to manufacture and physically validate each new configuration.

                                      Title: Head Trauma: The Subtypes of Concussion – Classification and Recovery Trajectories in Pac-12 Student Athletes
                                      PIs: Dr. Angela Lumba-Brown
                                      Co-PIs: Dr. Jamshid Ghajar (Stanford), Dr. Masa Teramoto (Utah), Dr. Matthew McQueen (Colorado), Dr. Douglas Aukerman (OSU), Dr. Kimberly Harmon (UW), Dr. David Petron (Utah), Dr. Sourav Poddar (Colorado) and Russ Romano (USC)
                                      Stanford University collaborating with the University of Colorado, Oregon State University, University of Southern California, University of Utah and University of Washington
                                      Project Summary: The goal for this study is to advance the science of concussion care and change how concussions are diagnosed and managed, allowing for earlier and more focused rehabilitation and treatments. By performing clinical research, this study will look to characterize and compare concussion subtypes over time and by gender, sport, school and medical history, including cardiovascular health, while also assessing recovery trajectories by concussion subtypes over a six-month span to allow for anticipated outcomes and targeted-treatment options.

                                      Title: Overuse Injuries/Injury Protection: Biomechanical metrics to improve performance and reduce elbow injuries in baseball
                                      PI: Dr. Lori Michener
                                      Co-PIs: Dr. Andrew Karduna (UO) and Dr. Roksana Karim (USC)
                                      University of Southern California collaborating with the University of Oregon and University of California, Los Angeles
                                      Project Summary: A common problem among baseball players is an injury to the ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) at the elbow. The UCL provides ~50% counter to elbow force (varus torque) during pitching, putting the UCL at risk for injury. Elbow varus torque increases as ball velocity increases, but not for all pitchers. Elbow varus torque may be mediated by player physical factors, such as muscle performance, joint motion, and stability. The knowledge gap is understanding the ball velocity – elbow varus torque relationship, and how physical factors can mediate the relationship to reduce elbow varus torque. This study will aim to characterize player risk of UCL injuries by developing player profiles that can be used to: 1) target the identified physical factors to reduce injuries and inform rehabilitation after injury, 2) specify return to sport criteria and 3) guide performance enhancement.

                                      Title: Head Trauma: Reactive Postural Responses after Concussion: Objective Measurement of Balance Recovery and Prospective Injury Risk
                                      PI: Dr. Peter Fino and Dr. Lee Dibble
                                      Co-PIs: Dr. Daniel Cushman, Dr. Nicholas Monson, Dr. Angela Presson
                                      University of Utah
                                      Project Summary: Reactive postural responses are used to recover balance, but they have received relatively little attention after concussion despite being common in athletics and critical to athlete safety and performance. Prior research has shown previously concussed athletes experience a greater risk of musculoskeletal injuries, but the cause of this increased risk is not known. This study will focus on a critical barrier of current balance assessments for concussion by objectively quantifying reactive postural responses to determine the connection between post-concussion postural control and musculoskeletal injuries. This project seeks to have immediate impact on concussion management by establishing a protocol to assess postural responses that is tailored for concussions and clinical use and can be rapidly implemented through the Pac-12. Long-term, this study seeks to provide the framework for future studies to examine rehabilitative approaches that train balance recovery to accelerate the recovery and/or decrease the risk of musculoskeletal injury following concussions.

                                      Title: Injury Prevention: Improving Rehabilitation Following Anterior Cruciate Ligament Repair with Real-Time Feedback during Low Intensity Cycling
                                      PIs: Dr. James Martin
                                      University of Utah
                                      Project Summary: With an astounding 25% of athletes with previous anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction surgery developing additional ACL injury following surgery, this study aims to reduce compensatory patterns during movement exercises while evaluating the relationship between cycling symmetry and return-to-play outcomes. Of concern, current data indicates that these patterns progress, rather than diminish, during the course of rehabilitation and can go undetected due to maximal tests typically taking place several months following surgery. Low-intensity cycling is commonly prescribed and known to be safe soon after surgery. This project seeks to improve symmetry by providing biomechanical feedback during low-intensity cycling. It also aims to determine if cycling symmetry leads to improved symmetry during weight bearing tasks and reduces subsequent injuries. If successful, we believe this technique may improve rehabilitation of a variety of other leg injuries as well.

                                      Title: Student-Athlete Well-Being: Social Media Engagement and Mental Health in Pac-12 Student-Athletes
                                      PIs: Dr. Christopher Barry
                                      Co-PIs: Dr. Kelli Moran-Miller (Stanford)
                                      Washington State University collaborating with Arizona State University, University of California, Berkeley, Oregon State University, Stanford University, University of California, Los Angeles, University of Southern California, University of Utah, University of Washington
                                      Project Summary: By investigating the relationship between social media activity, self-perception and mental health among Pac-12 student-athletes, this project seeks to gain a better understanding of both the detrimental and positive aspects of student-athletes’ social media use, as well as the potential benefits of protective behavioral strategies involving social media (e.g., turning off electronic devices at night or restricting social media access during study time). The findings will seek to provide improved abilities to educate student-athletes on adaptive uses of social media and bolster their academic, mental health, physical and personal well-being.

                                      Title: Head Trauma and Mental Health: From Head Impacts to Brain Injury, Determining the Mechanism Underlying Concussions in Pac-12 Football
                                      PI: Dr. David Camarillo
                                      Co-PIs: Dr. Gerald Grant (Stanford), Dr. Michael Zeineh (Stanford), Dr. Charles Liu (USC)
                                      Stanford University collaborating with University of Southern California
                                      Project Summary: In an effort to determine the causes of concussive injury, this study plans to implement the use of the Stanford Instrumented Mouthguard 2.0 (MiG2) in combination with MR imaging with the football teams at two Pac-12 institutions to collect data on concussions. This will expand upon recent research and data collected with an instrumented mouthguard in combination with MRI with the Stanford football program. In that study, researchers discovered that concussions could be predicted by peak head angular acceleration, correlating with signal changes on MRI. At its completion, this will be the first study to identify mechanisms of concussion by tracing the head angular acceleration input, to brain tissue damage, to advanced imaging detection of injury.

                                      Title: Injury and Prevention: Developing a Comprehensive, Quantitative Understanding of Hip Morphometrics and Biomechanics in Collegiate Athletes at Risk for Developing Femoroacetabular Impingement Syndrome
                                      PI: Dr. Andrew Anderson
                                      Co-PIs: Dr. Ken “Bo” Foreman, Dr. Stepehen Aoki and Dr. Travis Maak
                                      University of Utah
                                      Project Summary: Femoroacetabular impingement syndrome (FAIS) is a common cause of hip pain and dysfunction among collegiate athletes, and a known precursor to hip osteoarthritis. Prevention is the key to reducing rates of FAIS, but research in this area is lacking. The research team believes effective prevention of FAIS starts with an in-depth understanding of how hip anatomy is altered in three-dimensions, and the extent to which abnormal hip anatomy disrupts hip biomechanics, prior to the onset of symptoms. In this study, researchers will compare 3D hip shape and biomechanics between collegiate athletes, control subjects that do not have a history of participation in the same sports, and FAIS patients who are seen in treated in the clinic. The future impact of this work is that it will support a prospective trial to determine if application of a modified training regimen reduces the prevalence of FAIS in athletes.

                                      Title: Head Trauma: Roles of Nutritive Support and Supplementation
                                      PI: Dr. George Brooks
                                      Co-PI: Dr. Daniela Kaufer
                                      University of California, Berkeley
                                      Project Summary: Studies have shown that the brain uses lactate as a fuel source when available. Studies have also shown that patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) are often undernourished, meaning the brain has less fuel sources to use for healing. The goal of this project is to determine whether or not supplementation with lactate on the background of adequate nutrition will improve TBI recovery by giving the brain an extra fuel source. This will be accomplished through a series of studies on laboratory rats, where rats with mild TBIs that mimic concussions will be given standard of care (inadequate) nutrition, adequate nutrition, and adequate nutrition plus extra lactate. Brain healing will be assessed to see if appropriate nutrition with and without lactate supplementation improves recovery time and outcomes.

                                      Title: Overuse Injuries/Injury Prevention: Integration of Biomechanics-based Informatics for Prevention of Stress Fractures
                                      PI: Dr. Michael Hahn
                                      Co-PIs: Dr. Scott Delp (Stanford), Dr. Rodger Kram (CU), Dr. Alena Grabowski (CU), Dr. Jill McNitt-Gray (USC), Dr. Lorraine Turcotte (USC), Dr. Brent Liu (USC), Dr. Kormelia Kulig (USC)
                                      University of Oregon collaborating with University of Colorado, University of Southern California & Stanford University
                                      Project Summary: Stress fractures are a very common form of injury in athletes, especially long distance runners. This project’s goal is to analyze a group of runners’ biomechanical information such as foot motion patterns, foot-to-ground contact patterns, and accelerations and then track stress fracture development in these runners over a three year period to see which biomechanical patterns are associated with the development of stress fractures. This new biomechanics-based information can then be integrated with already known risk factors such as nutrition status and training volume/intensity to predict runners who are at a higher risk of stress fracture.

                                      Title: Overuse Injuries/Injury Prevention: A Prospective Study to Improve Bone Health and Reduce Incidence of Bone Stress Injuries in
                                      Pac-12 Female Distance Runners
                                      PI: Dr. Michael Fredericson
                                      Co-PI: Dr. Aurelia Nattiv (UCLA)
                                      Stanford University collaborating with University of California, Los Angeles
                                      Project Summary: The primary objective of this project is to improve the health of female collegiate distance runners, reduce the incidence and severity of bone stress injuries, and shorten recovery time. This will be accomplished with an active nutrition education program emphasizing the achievement of positive energy balance measured by increasing energy intake and/or reducing exercise energy expenditure.

                                      Title: Mental Health and Head Trauma: Brain Health in Male and Female Basketball Student-Athletes at the University of Utah
                                      PI: Dr. Deborah Yurgelun-Tood
                                      Co-PIs: Dr. Charlie Hicks-Little, Dr. Perry Renshaw, Dr. Erin McGlade & Dr. Andrew Prescot
                                      University of Utah
                                      Project Summary: There is a need to better define the neurobiological, cognitive, and behavior changes in competitive athletes prone to head injury both pre- and post-injury. The aim of this study is to assess the association between concussive symptoms, mood states, cognitive performance, and brain changes in female and male basketball student-athletes and football student-athletes.

                                      10:45am “Augmented ACL Reconstruction: Results and a Case Example” Kris Jones, MD (UCLA)

                                      11:10am “Second ACL Injury Risk Prediction and Mitigation: Current Evidence and Clinical Applications” Mark V. Paterno PT, PhD, MBA, ATC (Cincinnati Children’s Hospital)

                                      11:35am “Learned Non-Use Following ACL Reconstruction” Susan Sigward, PhD, PT, ATC (USC)

                                      Kris Jones, MD; Mark Paterno, PT; Susan Sigward, PhD
                                      12:00 PM
                                      LUNCH in Sponsor Lounge; Sponsored by SyncThink

                                      Orthopedic Physicians
                                      Primary Care/Sports Medicine Physicians
                                      Athletic Trainers
                                      Mental Health Professionals
                                      Dietitians

                                      Flexion Therapeutics

                                      Michael Grandner, PhD; Director, Sleep & Health Research Program (University of Arizona)
                                      Cathy Goldstein, MD; Associate Professor or Neurology (University of Michigan)

                                      Michael Grander, PhD & Cathy Goldstein, MD

                                      2:55 PM
                                      Title: Injury Surveillance: Scaling Up Student-Athlete Exposure Tracking Using PacTrac
                                      PI: Dr. Marc Norcross
                                      Co-PIs: Dr. Samuel Johnson (OSU) and Dr. Christopher Scaffidi (OSU)
                                      Oregon State University collaborating with Stanford University, University of California, Los Angeles and University of Washington

                                      Project Summary: After a prior grant project developed PacTrac, a web-based application system that allows athletic trainers (ATs) to capture detailed athletic exposures to evaluate injury rate data, it was determined that the level of detail in which exposure is reported can influence injury rate estimates, and that the feasibility of collecting the most detail exposure information varied across AT staffing, sport and schools. The objectives of the proposal are to scale PacTrac for use conference-wide, engage stakeholders to develop conference-wide minimum exposure reporting standards for each sport, and assess the implementation feasibility of those standards using PacTrac. Upon completion, the project will provide the Conference and its member schools with the flexible exposure reporting system needed to harness the full potential of the Pac-12’s Sports Injury Registry Management and Analytics Program (SIRMAP) to support local and conference-wide improvements in student-athlete health and wellness.

                                      3:10 PM
                                      Title: Strengthening Concussion Education by Engaging Medical Staff: Continued Program Development and Evaluation
                                      PIs: Dr. Kim Harmon, Dr. Emily Kroshus and Dr. Sara Chrisman
                                      Co-PI: Dr. Ann Glang (UO)
                                      University of Washington collaborating with Seattle Children’s Research Institute, University of Oregon and University of Colorado, Boulder

                                      Project Summary: Expanding on a previous grant project (Pac-12 Student-Athlete Project on Developing Coach Education that led to the development of a web-based concussion training platform (www.GoHuddle.net), this study aims to 1) evaluate the effectiveness and implementation of the platform, and 2) enhance the impact of the platform through a preseason meeting between coaches and medical staff about concussion. This study will use a participant-engaged approach to develop materials to support such a meeting and will conduct an evaluation of the platform and the additive impact of the preseason meeting in all interested Pac-12 institutions.

                                      Moderator: Lynn Fister (Pac 12)

                                      Title: Student Athlete Health and Well-Being: Looking at the Past to Inform the Future
                                      PI: Dr. Theresa Hernandez
                                      Co-PI: Dr. Adam Bohr
                                      University of Colorado, Boulder
                                      Project Summary: In collecting and utilizing data from former student-athletes to inform current best practices, this study will assess longitudinal patterns of physical and psychological health while paying attention to the presence of chronic conditions (e.g., diabetes, heart disease, obesity, neurodegenerative diseases, etc.) and mental health diagnoses in student-athlete alumni compared to cohort matched student non-athlete alumni. The research will also aim to build upon previous related research by assessing socioeconomic and first-generation status as group profiles, as well as modifying factors of student-athlete health following their collegiate careers. The goal of this research is not only to characterize life-course trajectories, but also to utilize this information to identify best practices, thereby creating opportunities to improve and optimize the overall health and well-being of current and future student-athletes.

                                      Title: Head Trauma: Designing Safer Helmets Using Advanced Materials and Modeling
                                      PI: Dr. Christopher Yakacki
                                      Co-PIs: Dr. Peter Jenkins, Dr. R. Dana Carpenter, Dr. Kai Yu, Dr. Sourav Poddar
                                      University of Colorado, Boulder & Denver
                                      Project Summary: The University of Colorado’s Boulder and Denver campuses have worked together to research football helmet design with a focus on lowering the severity of impacts and reducing the prevalence of concussions in the sport. Recently, the NFL released several computer models of helmets to investigate the influence of helmet materials and designs on head impacts. This study seeks to leverage this state-of-the-art technology and create new models to improve helmet safety using a recently developed high-performance polymer called liquid-crystal elastomers (LCEs). The LCEs will be incorporated in the helmet models and virtually tested to optimize their design. This approach will allow the investigators to rapidly test and evaluate the performance of new materials in helmets, without having to manufacture and physically validate each new configuration.

                                      Title: Head Trauma: The Subtypes of Concussion – Classification and Recovery Trajectories in Pac-12 Student Athletes
                                      PIs: Dr. Angela Lumba-Brown
                                      Co-PIs: Dr. Jamshid Ghajar (Stanford), Dr. Masa Teramoto (Utah), Dr. Matthew McQueen (Colorado), Dr. Douglas Aukerman (OSU), Dr. Kimberly Harmon (UW), Dr. David Petron (Utah), Dr. Sourav Poddar (Colorado) and Russ Romano (USC)
                                      Stanford University collaborating with the University of Colorado, Oregon State University, University of Southern California, University of Utah and University of Washington
                                      Project Summary: The goal for this study is to advance the science of concussion care and change how concussions are diagnosed and managed, allowing for earlier and more focused rehabilitation and treatments. By performing clinical research, this study will look to characterize and compare concussion subtypes over time and by gender, sport, school and medical history, including cardiovascular health, while also assessing recovery trajectories by concussion subtypes over a six-month span to allow for anticipated outcomes and targeted-treatment options.

                                      Title: Overuse Injuries/Injury Protection: Biomechanical metrics to improve performance and reduce elbow injuries in baseball
                                      PI: Dr. Lori Michener
                                      Co-PIs: Dr. Andrew Karduna (UO) and Dr. Roksana Karim (USC)
                                      University of Southern California collaborating with the University of Oregon and University of California, Los Angeles
                                      Project Summary: A common problem among baseball players is an injury to the ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) at the elbow. The UCL provides ~50% counter to elbow force (varus torque) during pitching, putting the UCL at risk for injury. Elbow varus torque increases as ball velocity increases, but not for all pitchers. Elbow varus torque may be mediated by player physical factors, such as muscle performance, joint motion, and stability. The knowledge gap is understanding the ball velocity – elbow varus torque relationship, and how physical factors can mediate the relationship to reduce elbow varus torque. This study will aim to characterize player risk of UCL injuries by developing player profiles that can be used to: 1) target the identified physical factors to reduce injuries and inform rehabilitation after injury, 2) specify return to sport criteria and 3) guide performance enhancement.

                                      Title: Head Trauma: Reactive Postural Responses after Concussion: Objective Measurement of Balance Recovery and Prospective Injury Risk
                                      PI: Dr. Peter Fino and Dr. Lee Dibble
                                      Co-PIs: Dr. Daniel Cushman, Dr. Nicholas Monson, Dr. Angela Presson
                                      University of Utah
                                      Project Summary: Reactive postural responses are used to recover balance, but they have received relatively little attention after concussion despite being common in athletics and critical to athlete safety and performance. Prior research has shown previously concussed athletes experience a greater risk of musculoskeletal injuries, but the cause of this increased risk is not known. This study will focus on a critical barrier of current balance assessments for concussion by objectively quantifying reactive postural responses to determine the connection between post-concussion postural control and musculoskeletal injuries. This project seeks to have immediate impact on concussion management by establishing a protocol to assess postural responses that is tailored for concussions and clinical use and can be rapidly implemented through the Pac-12. Long-term, this study seeks to provide the framework for future studies to examine rehabilitative approaches that train balance recovery to accelerate the recovery and/or decrease the risk of musculoskeletal injury following concussions.

                                      Title: Injury Prevention: Improving Rehabilitation Following Anterior Cruciate Ligament Repair with Real-Time Feedback during Low Intensity Cycling
                                      PIs: Dr. James Martin
                                      University of Utah
                                      Project Summary: With an astounding 25% of athletes with previous anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction surgery developing additional ACL injury following surgery, this study aims to reduce compensatory patterns during movement exercises while evaluating the relationship between cycling symmetry and return-to-play outcomes. Of concern, current data indicates that these patterns progress, rather than diminish, during the course of rehabilitation and can go undetected due to maximal tests typically taking place several months following surgery. Low-intensity cycling is commonly prescribed and known to be safe soon after surgery. This project seeks to improve symmetry by providing biomechanical feedback during low-intensity cycling. It also aims to determine if cycling symmetry leads to improved symmetry during weight bearing tasks and reduces subsequent injuries. If successful, we believe this technique may improve rehabilitation of a variety of other leg injuries as well.

                                      Title: Student-Athlete Well-Being: Social Media Engagement and Mental Health in Pac-12 Student-Athletes
                                      PIs: Dr. Christopher Barry
                                      Co-PIs: Dr. Kelli Moran-Miller (Stanford)
                                      Washington State University collaborating with Arizona State University, University of California, Berkeley, Oregon State University, Stanford University, University of California, Los Angeles, University of Southern California, University of Utah, University of Washington
                                      Project Summary: By investigating the relationship between social media activity, self-perception and mental health among Pac-12 student-athletes, this project seeks to gain a better understanding of both the detrimental and positive aspects of student-athletes’ social media use, as well as the potential benefits of protective behavioral strategies involving social media (e.g., turning off electronic devices at night or restricting social media access during study time). The findings will seek to provide improved abilities to educate student-athletes on adaptive uses of social media and bolster their academic, mental health, physical and personal well-being.

                                      Title: Head Trauma and Mental Health: From Head Impacts to Brain Injury, Determining the Mechanism Underlying Concussions in Pac-12 Football
                                      PI: Dr. David Camarillo
                                      Co-PIs: Dr. Gerald Grant (Stanford), Dr. Michael Zeineh (Stanford), Dr. Charles Liu (USC)
                                      Stanford University collaborating with University of Southern California
                                      Project Summary: In an effort to determine the causes of concussive injury, this study plans to implement the use of the Stanford Instrumented Mouthguard 2.0 (MiG2) in combination with MR imaging with the football teams at two Pac-12 institutions to collect data on concussions. This will expand upon recent research and data collected with an instrumented mouthguard in combination with MRI with the Stanford football program. In that study, researchers discovered that concussions could be predicted by peak head angular acceleration, correlating with signal changes on MRI. At its completion, this will be the first study to identify mechanisms of concussion by tracing the head angular acceleration input, to brain tissue damage, to advanced imaging detection of injury.

                                      Title: Injury and Prevention: Developing a Comprehensive, Quantitative Understanding of Hip Morphometrics and Biomechanics in Collegiate Athletes at Risk for Developing Femoroacetabular Impingement Syndrome
                                      PI: Dr. Andrew Anderson
                                      Co-PIs: Dr. Ken “Bo” Foreman, Dr. Stepehen Aoki and Dr. Travis Maak
                                      University of Utah
                                      Project Summary: Femoroacetabular impingement syndrome (FAIS) is a common cause of hip pain and dysfunction among collegiate athletes, and a known precursor to hip osteoarthritis. Prevention is the key to reducing rates of FAIS, but research in this area is lacking. The research team believes effective prevention of FAIS starts with an in-depth understanding of how hip anatomy is altered in three-dimensions, and the extent to which abnormal hip anatomy disrupts hip biomechanics, prior to the onset of symptoms. In this study, researchers will compare 3D hip shape and biomechanics between collegiate athletes, control subjects that do not have a history of participation in the same sports, and FAIS patients who are seen in treated in the clinic. The future impact of this work is that it will support a prospective trial to determine if application of a modified training regimen reduces the prevalence of FAIS in athletes.

                                      Title: Head Trauma: Roles of Nutritive Support and Supplementation
                                      PI: Dr. George Brooks
                                      Co-PI: Dr. Daniela Kaufer
                                      University of California, Berkeley
                                      Project Summary: Studies have shown that the brain uses lactate as a fuel source when available. Studies have also shown that patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) are often undernourished, meaning the brain has less fuel sources to use for healing. The goal of this project is to determine whether or not supplementation with lactate on the background of adequate nutrition will improve TBI recovery by giving the brain an extra fuel source. This will be accomplished through a series of studies on laboratory rats, where rats with mild TBIs that mimic concussions will be given standard of care (inadequate) nutrition, adequate nutrition, and adequate nutrition plus extra lactate. Brain healing will be assessed to see if appropriate nutrition with and without lactate supplementation improves recovery time and outcomes.

                                      Title: Overuse Injuries/Injury Prevention: Integration of Biomechanics-based Informatics for Prevention of Stress Fractures
                                      PI: Dr. Michael Hahn
                                      Co-PIs: Dr. Scott Delp (Stanford), Dr. Rodger Kram (CU), Dr. Alena Grabowski (CU), Dr. Jill McNitt-Gray (USC), Dr. Lorraine Turcotte (USC), Dr. Brent Liu (USC), Dr. Kormelia Kulig (USC)
                                      University of Oregon collaborating with University of Colorado, University of Southern California & Stanford University
                                      Project Summary: Stress fractures are a very common form of injury in athletes, especially long distance runners. This project’s goal is to analyze a group of runners’ biomechanical information such as foot motion patterns, foot-to-ground contact patterns, and accelerations and then track stress fracture development in these runners over a three year period to see which biomechanical patterns are associated with the development of stress fractures. This new biomechanics-based information can then be integrated with already known risk factors such as nutrition status and training volume/intensity to predict runners who are at a higher risk of stress fracture.

                                      Title: Overuse Injuries/Injury Prevention: A Prospective Study to Improve Bone Health and Reduce Incidence of Bone Stress Injuries in
                                      Pac-12 Female Distance Runners
                                      PI: Dr. Michael Fredericson
                                      Co-PI: Dr. Aurelia Nattiv (UCLA)
                                      Stanford University collaborating with University of California, Los Angeles
                                      Project Summary: The primary objective of this project is to improve the health of female collegiate distance runners, reduce the incidence and severity of bone stress injuries, and shorten recovery time. This will be accomplished with an active nutrition education program emphasizing the achievement of positive energy balance measured by increasing energy intake and/or reducing exercise energy expenditure.

                                      Title: Mental Health and Head Trauma: Brain Health in Male and Female Basketball Student-Athletes at the University of Utah
                                      PI: Dr. Deborah Yurgelun-Tood
                                      Co-PIs: Dr. Charlie Hicks-Little, Dr. Perry Renshaw, Dr. Erin McGlade & Dr. Andrew Prescot
                                      University of Utah
                                      Project Summary: There is a need to better define the neurobiological, cognitive, and behavior changes in competitive athletes prone to head injury both pre- and post-injury. The aim of this study is to assess the association between concussive symptoms, mood states, cognitive performance, and brain changes in female and male basketball student-athletes and football student-athletes.

                                      Moderator: Lynn Fister (Pac 12)

                                      1. Femoral Acetabular Impingement – Sharon Hame, MD (UCLA)
                                      2. POTS Treated with CBT — Doug Polster, PhD (UCLA)
                                      2. Ankle Nerve Impairment — Sarah Lyons, ATC (Stanford)
                                      3. Lateral Meniscus Repair — Tad Kremen, MD (UCLA)
                                      5. Crisis Response to High Risk Mental Health Cases with Associated Case Presentations — Chris McLean (Cal)

                                      Moderator: Tandi Hawkey, ATC (UCLA)

                                      Michael Dillon, ATC (UW) Substance Abuse Program Coordinator
                                      Dylan Firsick, PhD (USC) Clinical & Sport Psychologist, Counseling & Mental Health

                                      Moderator: Sunday Henry, MD (WSU)

                                      Title: Student Athlete Health and Well-Being: Looking at the Past to Inform the Future
                                      PI: Dr. Theresa Hernandez
                                      Co-PI: Dr. Adam Bohr
                                      University of Colorado, Boulder
                                      Project Summary: In collecting and utilizing data from former student-athletes to inform current best practices, this study will assess longitudinal patterns of physical and psychological health while paying attention to the presence of chronic conditions (e.g., diabetes, heart disease, obesity, neurodegenerative diseases, etc.) and mental health diagnoses in student-athlete alumni compared to cohort matched student non-athlete alumni. The research will also aim to build upon previous related research by assessing socioeconomic and first-generation status as group profiles, as well as modifying factors of student-athlete health following their collegiate careers. The goal of this research is not only to characterize life-course trajectories, but also to utilize this information to identify best practices, thereby creating opportunities to improve and optimize the overall health and well-being of current and future student-athletes.

                                      Title: Head Trauma: Designing Safer Helmets Using Advanced Materials and Modeling
                                      PI: Dr. Christopher Yakacki
                                      Co-PIs: Dr. Peter Jenkins, Dr. R. Dana Carpenter, Dr. Kai Yu, Dr. Sourav Poddar
                                      University of Colorado, Boulder & Denver
                                      Project Summary: The University of Colorado’s Boulder and Denver campuses have worked together to research football helmet design with a focus on lowering the severity of impacts and reducing the prevalence of concussions in the sport. Recently, the NFL released several computer models of helmets to investigate the influence of helmet materials and designs on head impacts. This study seeks to leverage this state-of-the-art technology and create new models to improve helmet safety using a recently developed high-performance polymer called liquid-crystal elastomers (LCEs). The LCEs will be incorporated in the helmet models and virtually tested to optimize their design. This approach will allow the investigators to rapidly test and evaluate the performance of new materials in helmets, without having to manufacture and physically validate each new configuration.

                                      Title: Head Trauma: The Subtypes of Concussion – Classification and Recovery Trajectories in Pac-12 Student Athletes
                                      PIs: Dr. Angela Lumba-Brown
                                      Co-PIs: Dr. Jamshid Ghajar (Stanford), Dr. Masa Teramoto (Utah), Dr. Matthew McQueen (Colorado), Dr. Douglas Aukerman (OSU), Dr. Kimberly Harmon (UW), Dr. David Petron (Utah), Dr. Sourav Poddar (Colorado) and Russ Romano (USC)
                                      Stanford University collaborating with the University of Colorado, Oregon State University, University of Southern California, University of Utah and University of Washington
                                      Project Summary: The goal for this study is to advance the science of concussion care and change how concussions are diagnosed and managed, allowing for earlier and more focused rehabilitation and treatments. By performing clinical research, this study will look to characterize and compare concussion subtypes over time and by gender, sport, school and medical history, including cardiovascular health, while also assessing recovery trajectories by concussion subtypes over a six-month span to allow for anticipated outcomes and targeted-treatment options.

                                      Title: Overuse Injuries/Injury Protection: Biomechanical metrics to improve performance and reduce elbow injuries in baseball
                                      PI: Dr. Lori Michener
                                      Co-PIs: Dr. Andrew Karduna (UO) and Dr. Roksana Karim (USC)
                                      University of Southern California collaborating with the University of Oregon and University of California, Los Angeles
                                      Project Summary: A common problem among baseball players is an injury to the ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) at the elbow. The UCL provides ~50% counter to elbow force (varus torque) during pitching, putting the UCL at risk for injury. Elbow varus torque increases as ball velocity increases, but not for all pitchers. Elbow varus torque may be mediated by player physical factors, such as muscle performance, joint motion, and stability. The knowledge gap is understanding the ball velocity – elbow varus torque relationship, and how physical factors can mediate the relationship to reduce elbow varus torque. This study will aim to characterize player risk of UCL injuries by developing player profiles that can be used to: 1) target the identified physical factors to reduce injuries and inform rehabilitation after injury, 2) specify return to sport criteria and 3) guide performance enhancement.

                                      Title: Head Trauma: Reactive Postural Responses after Concussion: Objective Measurement of Balance Recovery and Prospective Injury Risk
                                      PI: Dr. Peter Fino and Dr. Lee Dibble
                                      Co-PIs: Dr. Daniel Cushman, Dr. Nicholas Monson, Dr. Angela Presson
                                      University of Utah
                                      Project Summary: Reactive postural responses are used to recover balance, but they have received relatively little attention after concussion despite being common in athletics and critical to athlete safety and performance. Prior research has shown previously concussed athletes experience a greater risk of musculoskeletal injuries, but the cause of this increased risk is not known. This study will focus on a critical barrier of current balance assessments for concussion by objectively quantifying reactive postural responses to determine the connection between post-concussion postural control and musculoskeletal injuries. This project seeks to have immediate impact on concussion management by establishing a protocol to assess postural responses that is tailored for concussions and clinical use and can be rapidly implemented through the Pac-12. Long-term, this study seeks to provide the framework for future studies to examine rehabilitative approaches that train balance recovery to accelerate the recovery and/or decrease the risk of musculoskeletal injury following concussions.

                                      Title: Injury Prevention: Improving Rehabilitation Following Anterior Cruciate Ligament Repair with Real-Time Feedback during Low Intensity Cycling
                                      PIs: Dr. James Martin
                                      University of Utah
                                      Project Summary: With an astounding 25% of athletes with previous anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction surgery developing additional ACL injury following surgery, this study aims to reduce compensatory patterns during movement exercises while evaluating the relationship between cycling symmetry and return-to-play outcomes. Of concern, current data indicates that these patterns progress, rather than diminish, during the course of rehabilitation and can go undetected due to maximal tests typically taking place several months following surgery. Low-intensity cycling is commonly prescribed and known to be safe soon after surgery. This project seeks to improve symmetry by providing biomechanical feedback during low-intensity cycling. It also aims to determine if cycling symmetry leads to improved symmetry during weight bearing tasks and reduces subsequent injuries. If successful, we believe this technique may improve rehabilitation of a variety of other leg injuries as well.

                                      Title: Student-Athlete Well-Being: Social Media Engagement and Mental Health in Pac-12 Student-Athletes
                                      PIs: Dr. Christopher Barry
                                      Co-PIs: Dr. Kelli Moran-Miller (Stanford)
                                      Washington State University collaborating with Arizona State University, University of California, Berkeley, Oregon State University, Stanford University, University of California, Los Angeles, University of Southern California, University of Utah, University of Washington
                                      Project Summary: By investigating the relationship between social media activity, self-perception and mental health among Pac-12 student-athletes, this project seeks to gain a better understanding of both the detrimental and positive aspects of student-athletes’ social media use, as well as the potential benefits of protective behavioral strategies involving social media (e.g., turning off electronic devices at night or restricting social media access during study time). The findings will seek to provide improved abilities to educate student-athletes on adaptive uses of social media and bolster their academic, mental health, physical and personal well-being.

                                      Title: Head Trauma and Mental Health: From Head Impacts to Brain Injury, Determining the Mechanism Underlying Concussions in Pac-12 Football
                                      PI: Dr. David Camarillo
                                      Co-PIs: Dr. Gerald Grant (Stanford), Dr. Michael Zeineh (Stanford), Dr. Charles Liu (USC)
                                      Stanford University collaborating with University of Southern California
                                      Project Summary: In an effort to determine the causes of concussive injury, this study plans to implement the use of the Stanford Instrumented Mouthguard 2.0 (MiG2) in combination with MR imaging with the football teams at two Pac-12 institutions to collect data on concussions. This will expand upon recent research and data collected with an instrumented mouthguard in combination with MRI with the Stanford football program. In that study, researchers discovered that concussions could be predicted by peak head angular acceleration, correlating with signal changes on MRI. At its completion, this will be the first study to identify mechanisms of concussion by tracing the head angular acceleration input, to brain tissue damage, to advanced imaging detection of injury.

                                      Title: Injury and Prevention: Developing a Comprehensive, Quantitative Understanding of Hip Morphometrics and Biomechanics in Collegiate Athletes at Risk for Developing Femoroacetabular Impingement Syndrome
                                      PI: Dr. Andrew Anderson
                                      Co-PIs: Dr. Ken “Bo” Foreman, Dr. Stepehen Aoki and Dr. Travis Maak
                                      University of Utah
                                      Project Summary: Femoroacetabular impingement syndrome (FAIS) is a common cause of hip pain and dysfunction among collegiate athletes, and a known precursor to hip osteoarthritis. Prevention is the key to reducing rates of FAIS, but research in this area is lacking. The research team believes effective prevention of FAIS starts with an in-depth understanding of how hip anatomy is altered in three-dimensions, and the extent to which abnormal hip anatomy disrupts hip biomechanics, prior to the onset of symptoms. In this study, researchers will compare 3D hip shape and biomechanics between collegiate athletes, control subjects that do not have a history of participation in the same sports, and FAIS patients who are seen in treated in the clinic. The future impact of this work is that it will support a prospective trial to determine if application of a modified training regimen reduces the prevalence of FAIS in athletes.

                                      Title: Head Trauma: Roles of Nutritive Support and Supplementation
                                      PI: Dr. George Brooks
                                      Co-PI: Dr. Daniela Kaufer
                                      University of California, Berkeley
                                      Project Summary: Studies have shown that the brain uses lactate as a fuel source when available. Studies have also shown that patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) are often undernourished, meaning the brain has less fuel sources to use for healing. The goal of this project is to determine whether or not supplementation with lactate on the background of adequate nutrition will improve TBI recovery by giving the brain an extra fuel source. This will be accomplished through a series of studies on laboratory rats, where rats with mild TBIs that mimic concussions will be given standard of care (inadequate) nutrition, adequate nutrition, and adequate nutrition plus extra lactate. Brain healing will be assessed to see if appropriate nutrition with and without lactate supplementation improves recovery time and outcomes.

                                      Title: Overuse Injuries/Injury Prevention: Integration of Biomechanics-based Informatics for Prevention of Stress Fractures
                                      PI: Dr. Michael Hahn
                                      Co-PIs: Dr. Scott Delp (Stanford), Dr. Rodger Kram (CU), Dr. Alena Grabowski (CU), Dr. Jill McNitt-Gray (USC), Dr. Lorraine Turcotte (USC), Dr. Brent Liu (USC), Dr. Kormelia Kulig (USC)
                                      University of Oregon collaborating with University of Colorado, University of Southern California & Stanford University
                                      Project Summary: Stress fractures are a very common form of injury in athletes, especially long distance runners. This project’s goal is to analyze a group of runners’ biomechanical information such as foot motion patterns, foot-to-ground contact patterns, and accelerations and then track stress fracture development in these runners over a three year period to see which biomechanical patterns are associated with the development of stress fractures. This new biomechanics-based information can then be integrated with already known risk factors such as nutrition status and training volume/intensity to predict runners who are at a higher risk of stress fracture.

                                      Title: Overuse Injuries/Injury Prevention: A Prospective Study to Improve Bone Health and Reduce Incidence of Bone Stress Injuries in
                                      Pac-12 Female Distance Runners
                                      PI: Dr. Michael Fredericson
                                      Co-PI: Dr. Aurelia Nattiv (UCLA)
                                      Stanford University collaborating with University of California, Los Angeles
                                      Project Summary: The primary objective of this project is to improve the health of female collegiate distance runners, reduce the incidence and severity of bone stress injuries, and shorten recovery time. This will be accomplished with an active nutrition education program emphasizing the achievement of positive energy balance measured by increasing energy intake and/or reducing exercise energy expenditure.

                                      Title: Mental Health and Head Trauma: Brain Health in Male and Female Basketball Student-Athletes at the University of Utah
                                      PI: Dr. Deborah Yurgelun-Tood
                                      Co-PIs: Dr. Charlie Hicks-Little, Dr. Perry Renshaw, Dr. Erin McGlade & Dr. Andrew Prescot
                                      University of Utah
                                      Project Summary: There is a need to better define the neurobiological, cognitive, and behavior changes in competitive athletes prone to head injury both pre- and post-injury. The aim of this study is to assess the association between concussive symptoms, mood states, cognitive performance, and brain changes in female and male basketball student-athletes and football student-athletes.

                                      Jean Georges Steakhouse
                                      Sage
                                      Julian Serrano

                                      7:00-8:00 AM
                                      BREAKFAST in Sponsor Lounge

                                      8:00am
                                      Title: Pac-12 and NCAA Collaboration – Concussion Assessment, Research, and Education (CARE) Consortium Data Collection: Establishing a Research Infrastructure and Framework
                                      PI: Dr. Doug Aukerman and the Pac-12 Brain Trauma Task Force
                                      The Pac-12 Concussion Coordinating Unit – Project Director: Dr. Matthew McQueen, Co-PI: Dr. Theresa Hernandez & Dr. Adam Bohr

                                      Project Summary: This project, co-funded by the NCAA, will create the first full-conference regional research hub of the landmark CARE Consortium. The Consortium is funded by a partnership of the U.S. Department of Defense Military Health System and the NCAA, and is a multi-site, longitudinal investigation of concussion and repetitive head impacts in NCAA athletes and military service academy cadets that addresses major gaps in the understanding of concussion. Through this project, each Pac-12 institution will be able to collect neurocognitive and neurobehavioral data on athletes at baseline, at the time a concussion occurs, and then at multiple time-points over the course of the year following an injury.

                                      8:15am
                                      Title: Health and Wellness: Assessing Student-Athlete Health and Performance
                                      PI: Dr. William Byrnes
                                      Co-PIs: Dr. Theresa Hernandez & Dr. Ken Wright
                                      University of Colorado

                                      Project Summary: The overall aim of our Pac 12 funded protocol was to identify important indicators of student-athlete health and wellness, as well as implement and disseminate important ‘best practices’ for sustainable student-athlete training and performance. To accomplish this aim we assembled a multi-disciplinary team with expertise in sports medicine, neuroscience, epidemiology, sleep physiology & exercise physiology spanning the athletic and academic environments at the University of Colorado Boulder. The outcome of this effort has been a series of projects utilizing approaches from each discipline examining health/well-being using survey tools, athlete sleep behaviors, athlete blood volume parameters and issues related to iron homeostasis.

                                      Moderator: Dan Nordquist (WSU)

                                      ROOM ONE
                                      8:40am Expanded Grants Presentation: “Health and Wellness: Assessing Student-Athlete Health and Performance” Byrnes (CU)

                                      9:10am “Management of Fad Diets and Plant Based Diets in Athletes” Kristen Gravani, RD (Stanford)

                                      9:40am Open Discussion: NCAA Guidelines for Preventing Catastrophic Injury & Death in Collegiate Athletes

                                      ROOM TWO
                                      8:40am “Non-Operative Management, Internal Bracing and Reconstruction of Elbow UCL in Throwing Athletes” Frank Petrigliano, MD (USC)

                                      9:10am “Neuroplasticity After Injury: Strategies to Enhance Neuromuscular Control” Cody Criss (Ohio University)

                                      9:40am “Hip Arthroscopy in Athletes” Alexander Weber, MD (USC)

                                      Room Three
                                      8:40am Eating Disorder Panel

                                      9:40am TBD

                                      10:20am A Multi-Disciplinary Approach to Thoracic Outlet Syndrome
                                      10:20-10:45am Non-Operative Care – Shanyn Lancaster, MD (ASU)
                                      10:45-11:10am Operative Care – Hugh Gelabert, MD (UCLA)
                                      11:10-11:35am Nutritional Considerations – Beth Miller, RD (Duke)
                                      11:35-12:00pm Rehabilitation Considerations – Deb Iwasaki, PT, ATC (Stanford)
                                      12:00-12:25pm Psychology of Injury

                                      Moderator: Tandi Hawkey, ATC (UCLA)
                                      Tandi Hawkey, ATC (UCLA)
                                      12:30 PM
                                      ADJOURN

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                                      Committee Members

                                      Pac 12 Student Athlete Health Conference Planning Committee

                                      Tandi Hawkey, MA, ATC, CSCS

                                      Associate Athletic Trainer, UCLA (Chair)

                                      Tandi Hawkey has been practicing as a Certified Athletic Trainer since 2002. She received her Bachelor of Science degree from

                                      Doug Aukerman, MD

                                      Chair, Pac 12 Health & Well Being Board; Senior Associate Athletic Director, Sports Medicine, Oregon State University

                                      Dr. Doug Aukerman joined the Oregon State University athletic staff in January of 2012 as Senior Associate Athletic Director

                                        Michael Dillon MS, ATC

                                        Senior Associate Athletic Trainer, University of Washington

                                        Michael received his Bachelor of Arts in Athletic Training from University of the Pacific in 1999 and Master of Science in Ki

                                          Woodie Dixon

                                          Pac-12 General Counsel, Senior Vice President of Business Affairs

                                          Woodie H. Dixon, Jr. is the General Counsel and Senior Vice President of Business Affairs for the Pac-12 Conference. He

                                            Dylan Firsick, PhD

                                            Clinical and Sport Psychologist , Counseling & Mental Health, University of Southern California

                                            Dylan Firsick, PhD received his doctorate in Counseling Psychology from the University of Northern Colorado. His professional

                                              Lynn Fister, CPA

                                              Executive Director, Pac-12 Student-Athlete Health and Well-Being Grant Program

                                                Joshua Goldman, MD

                                                Assistant Team Physician, UCLA Athletics; Assistant Professor, Departments of Family Medicine & Orthopaedic Surgery, Division of Sports Medicine

                                                  Sunday Henry, MD

                                                  Senior Associate Director of Athletics/Dir. of Athletic Medicine

                                                    Catherine Hill MS, ATC

                                                    Associate Athletic Trainer, University of Southern California

                                                      Tad Kremen, MD

                                                      Assistant Team Physician, UCLA Athletics; Visiting Assistant Professor, UCLA Department of Orthopedic Surgery

                                                        Ema Thake, RD

                                                        Director of Performance Nutrition, University of Washington

                                                          ARIA Resort & Casino

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